How does Sarojini Naidu spread the message of Swadeshi Movement in her poem ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’?
Sarojini Naidu was a prominent figure in the Indian freedom movement and she wrote the poem ‘In the Bazaars of Hyderabad’ as a part of the Swadeshi movement. The movement was an economic strategy aimed at removing the British Empire from power and improving economic conditions in India by developing Indian nationalism through the promotion of native products and urging people to leave foreign goods.
In the poem, the poet has depicted a clear picture of an Indian market in the early nineteenth century. All the products are native and made from natural objects. The crimson and silver turbans, purple brocade tunics, mirrors with amber panel, daggers with jade handles — all show the rich cultural tradition of India. Availability of numerous products like groceries, fruits, gold jewelleries, flowers and chaplets, board games, sandalwood, henna and spices represents the self-sufficiency of an Indian market. Songs of musicians, chants of the magicians and trade cry of various sellers add to the vibrancy of the bazaar. And all these are deliberate picturisation from the poet to convey a message that the Indians don’t need foreign products as they are self-sufficient. This is how Naidu spreads the message of Swadeshi Movement through her poem.