“Where the mind is without fear” — What fear does the poet want to abolish and why was there a fear among people?
Here ‘fear’ is synonymous with lack of confidence. The poet wants his countrymen to gain confidence, to believe that they can do wonders. He wants them to realize that they can achieve their freedom from the hands of the British. Not only that, they should have faith in their potential to excel in every field of life.
A kind of ‘fear’ existed probably because they were under the suppression of an external force. Moreover, the countrymen were mostly illiterate and poverty engulfed the nation. That is why the lack of confidence was very natural.