“He gives his harness bells a shake…” – Who is ‘He’ referred to here? Why does he shake his harness bells according to the poet? What figure of speech is used in this line?
Here ‘he’ refers to the horse on which the narrator was travelling.
According to the narrator, the horse was giving a shake to his harness bells to ask him whether there was a mistake. It suggests that the narrator had never stopped there before. It was new to the horse’s experience to stop on the way in that woods.
“He gives his harness bells a shake
To ask if there is some mistake.”
employs a fine piece of personification of the horse. It is addressed like a human being as ‘He’ and the verb ‘to ask’ is used to give it even more prominence.